Program C: Sustainable Agricultural Development and Off Farm Income




The Sustainable Agricultural Development Component recognizes that the link between environmental and sustainable agricultural and rural development (SARD), enhancing food security, generating employment opportunities and reducing poverty is a central issue for achieving economic and social development in Egypt. 

The overall objective of the Component is to contribute to achieving sustainable agricultural development as an important component of integrated rural development, with a focus on income generating activities, to simultaneously face the challenges of food and nutrition security and reducing poverty.

The Sustainable Agricultural Development Component is supported by Sawires Foundation for Social Development (SFSD) and is implemented through close collaboration with a network of partners representing Government and Private sector institutes. The implementation is carried out through a close collaboration with Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Ministry of International Cooperation, Ministry of Local Development, Qena Governorate, Sawires Foundation for Social Development, UNDP, Agricultural Research Center, General Authority for Fish Resources Development (GAFRD), Zagazig University, Ain Shams University, University of South Valley, National Planning Institute, Social Fund for Development, International Center for Fish in Abbassa, and over 20 Community Development Associations in Qena. In addition, the Activities of the component are implemented through the direct contribution of nearly 14 highly specialized and experienced Egyptian Experts, in addition to a committed team from the Governorate and the Directorate of Agriculture in Qena. Dr. Ashraf El Ghannam, Head of Central Directorate for Extension was assigned by H. E.  The Minister of Agriculture to be the focal point for ENID in the Ministry of Agriculture.

The component is targeting the achievement of at least 890 direct employability skills training opportunities (33% for women), and at least 470 direct job opportunities (68% for women).

The Sustainable Agricultural Development Component contributes to achieving 3 outcomes for ENID, namely, Outcome 1: Increase Income in Upper Egypt;  Outcome 2: Improved Food Security in Upper Egypt; and Outcome 4: Enhanced Knowledge and Strengthened Networks for Local Economic Development. 

There are 10 outputs to be achieved to contribute to these 3 outcomes. 

Outcome 1: Increase Income in Upper Egypt

Output 1.8: Adopted Pilot Project for Clean Farming and Recycling of Agricultural Residues in Qena  

This output aims at achieving the following till the end of 2016 (end of project):  (1) Train 60 farmers and NGO local staff in clean farming and recycling techniques (50 farmers and 10 NGO and MOA local stuff); (2) establish, operate and monitor 2 recycling units (in addition to the 2-3 recycling units established and operated within the integrated fish farms (as indicated in 1.9 below); and (3) Generate income (and/or employment opportunities) to 50 farmers through the use of the recycling units.

Output 1.9: Established and Operated Integrated Fish - Agriculture - Livestock Pilot Farms in Qena  

This output aims at the implementation of 3 Integrated Fish Farm Models. Each integrated farm will include fish production – agricultural production irrigated from the outflow of fish ponds – livestock production – recycling of agricultural residues– solar energy for water pumping – bio gas unit as applicable). The 3 sites for the project are identified.

Output 1.10:  Develop and Operate Dairy Processing Plants in two Districts in Qena  

ENID plans to establish 2 small modern dairy processing units in Qena. The model units will help overcome the problems of dairy marketing and the risks of food safety. The dairy units will produce safe and high-quality products and at the same time they would provide a forum for training and information dissemination.

Output 1.11: Develop and Operate Milk Processing  Units for the Household Level in Qena  

The targets of this output include the establishment  and operation of 10 milk processing units in NGOs; train 40 persons on using the milk processing units; and  provide 40 direct employment opportunities by NGOs for the milk processing units.

Output 1.12: Establish and Operate Poultry Backyard Production System in Qena  

The major targets for ENID intervention are to support 100 poor households (in the poorest villages) with hen houses, 30 chickens and 6 month of feed in addition to capacity building and adequate training for safe raising of native poultry breeds. Also, veterinary services are provided on regular bases during the project time. Another major target of the project is to set a collaborative/solidarity system (model) between each NGO and the participating poor women to increase the number of beneficiaries (Collaboration among Stakeholders) and to ensure sustainability of the project. The project targets the distribution of 3000 chicken for 100 households in the villages where programs of upgrading basic services and women and youth empowerment are implemented.

Outcome 2: Improved Food Security in Upper Egypt

Output 2.1: Practice/Implement Farmers Field Schools (FFS)  

The FFS is implemented through 3 dimensions: (1) the implementation of the FFS model for selected crops as requested by farmers. Summer FFS for wheat and fennel were implemented in Kift and Karm Omran, while winter FFS for maize, sesame, white beans and hibiscus were implemented in Abnode and Qena; (2) capacity building for extension providers with stress on medicinal crops and post-harvest technologies; and (3) implantation of 2 caravans for animal health and development.  

Output 2.2: Establish and Implement Pilot Project for High Productivity Agricultural Techniques to Desert using Solar Energy  

This output is concerned with the preparation of the background and assessment of introducing solar energy for desert water pumping within the integrated fish farms. It also aims at providing awareness and advocacy for the use of solar energy within the integrated fish farms in three locations.

Output 2.3: Establish and Operate Roof Gardens to Support Food and Nutrition Security  

The output's targets include: (1) establishing and operating 80 Roof Gardens units ;  (2) prepare and disseminate training manuals on roof gardens; (3) train at least 100 persons on roof gardening; and (4) generate 100 employment opportunities related to roof gardens in Qena.

Outcome 4: Enhanced Knowledge and Strengthened Networks for Local Economic Development

Output 4.3: Produce and Disseminate Knowledge Products and Advocacy Tools 

  • Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) Model for Assessing the Comparative Advantage and the Efficiency of the Crop and Livestock Production Supported by Optimal Crop Mix/Rotation developed  
  • This output was implemented at the early stages of project implementation to assess the comparative advantages of producing crops and livestock products in Qena and to assess the economic return to water for all crops inside and outside the Zemam.
  • Value Chain for each Priority Crop, Livestock and Fisheries Products analyzed  
  • The achieved activities included demarcating the boundaries of the chain for the selected priority crops and livestock products, including identification of activities and flows between them; identification of agents in the chain; functional analysis; creating a flowchart for a commodity chain; and Quantifying the physical flows. For other priority crops, pre-feasibility assessments were made.


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Team Leader: Dr. Dyaa Abdou